Enhancers: Where evolution meets development and disease
Studies illuminate roles for non-coding DNA in human brain evolution and vulnerability to disease
In this time of COVID-19 pandemic, one may reasonably wonder why to bother reading this new issue of neuroDEVELOPMENTS. Keeping up with the latest numbers, epidemiological models, drug trials, or mask recommendations takes enough time, and people are rightly transfixed in hopes of keeping themselves and their loved ones healthy. Yet, here we hazard to say that reading this latest version of the neuroDEVELOPMENTS newsletter will capture your attention. The discovery that genetic variation is linked to psychiatric disorders and that most of the variation is in regions of the genome long thought to be “silent” is a profound insight to emerge from the Human Genome Project. Here we discuss three recent papers focused on the cell type and pathological specificity of genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in the human brain related to these disease-associated variations.
In the first issue since the death of our prescient friend, Steve Lieber, we are committed to follow his charge to gain insight into how the human nervous system functions. Steve first suggested this newsletter format and we trust you will enjoy this 5th issue. Three editorial members are authors of the papers we discuss, and each paper gives us insight into the genetic mechanisms important to brain evolution, development, and disease. Thanks to the Board for their comments that strengthen our understanding of the genesis of developmental brain disorders.
-Ron McKay, PhD, Chief Editor
Lieber Institute for Brain Development
-Venkata S. Mattay, MD
-Michele Solis, PhD
Fred ‘Rusty’ Gage, PhD
President, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Daniel Geschwind, MD, PhD
Professor, UCLA School of Medicine
Elizabeth Grove, PhD
Professor, University of Chicago
Jürgen Knoblich, PhD
Interim Scientific Director, Institute of Molecular Biotechnology, Austrian Academy of Sciences
Arnold Kriegstein, MD
Pat Levitt, PhD
Professor, Keck School of Medicine of USC
Mu-Ming Poo, PhD
Director, Institute of Neuroscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences
John Rubenstein, MD, PhD
Professor of Psychiatry, UCSF
Nenad Sestan, MD, PhD
Professor, Yale University
Flora Vaccarino, MD
Professor, Yale University
Chris Walsh, MD, PhD
Chief, Division of Genetics & Genomics, Boston Children’s Hospital
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LIBD Speaker Series: Michael Gandal, M.D., Ph.D.
Title coming soon Michael Gandal, M.D., Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences The Gandal Lab UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior When: November 10, 2020 2:00pm-3:00pm Where: The Lieber Institute for Brain Development Rangos Building Main Conf. Room Suite […]